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14. Rice moth: Corcyra cephalonica (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera)

Distribution and status
            The rice moth is distributed in Asia, Africa, North America and Europe. In the larval stage, it is an important stored-grain pest in both India and Pakistan.
Host range :  It also infests rice, sorghum, maize, gram, groundnut, cotton-seed, milled products, cocoa beans and raisins.
Bionomics : The rice moth is active from· March to November. It passes winter in the larval stage. The moth lay eggs singly or in groups of 3-5 each on the grains, bags and on other objects in the godowns. A single female lay 62-150 eggs during its life-span of 24 days.

The eggs hatch in 4-7 days and the larvae under silken web-like shelters, preferring the partially damaged grains. They are full-fed in 21-41 days, after which they make silken cocoons among the infested grains. The pupal stage lasts 9-14 days and the adults live for - one week. They complete life-cycle in 33-52 days and the pest completes approximately 6 generations in a year.
Damage symptoms : The larvae alone damage the grains of rice and maize by feeding under silken webs. When infestation is high, the entire stock of grains may be converted into a webbed mass.  Ultimately, a characteristic foul odour develops and the grains are rendered unfit for human consumption.