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12. Indian meal moth: Plodia interpunctella (Phycitidae: Lepidoptera)

Distribution and status: The pest is worldwide.
Host range : It infests grains, meals, breakfast foods, soybean, dried fruits, nuts, s, dried roots, herbs, dead insects, etc.
Bionomics : Larva is white, often tinged with green or pink, a light-brown head, On reaching maturity, the larva is 8-3 mm in length. The adult moth is about 13-20 mm in wing expanse with a coppery lustre.
indian meal moth Breeding continues throughout the year. The female moth lays 30-350 minute whitish ovate eggs, singly or in clusters, on or near the appropriate foodstuffs. The egg period is 2 days to 2 weeks depending upon weather. The larvae become full-grown in 30-35 days. They crawl up to the surface of the food material and pupate within a thin silken cocoon. The pupal stage lasts 4-35 days. In summer, the life-cycle is completed in 5 or 6 weeks and there are about 4-6 generations in a year.
Damage symptoms : Only the larva causes damage. Crawling caterpillars completely web over the surface of a heap of grains with silken threads. The adults fly from one bin to another and spread the infestation.