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Rust - Uromyces phaseoli typica(Syn: U. appendiculatus)
The disease is mostly seen on leaves, rarely on petioles, stem and pods. The fungus produces small, round, reddish brown uredosori mostly on lower surface. They may appear in groups and several sori coalesce to cover a large area of the lamina. In the late season, teliosori appear on the leaves which are linear and dark brown in colour. Intense pustule formation causes drying and shedding of leaves.

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Uromyces phaseoli typica - Symptoms 1
Uromyces phaseoli typica - Symptom2


It is autoecious, long cycle rust and all the spore stages occur on the same host. The uredospores are unicellular, globose or ellipsoid, yellowish brown with echinulations. The teliospores are globose or elliptical, unicellular, pedicellate, chestnut brown in colour with warty papillae at the top. Yellow coloured pycnia appear on the upper surface of leaves. Orange coloured cupulate aecia develop later on the lower surface of leaves. The aeciospores are unicellular and elliptical.
Favourable Conditions

  • Cloudy humid weather, temperature of 21-26˚ C
  • Nights with heavy dews

Mode of Spread and Survival
The pathogen survives in the soil through teliospores and as uredospores in crop debris. Primary infection is by the sporidia developed from teliospores. Secondary spread is by wind-borne uredospores. The fungus also survives on other legume hosts.

  • Remove the infected plant debris and destroy.
  • Spray Mancozeb 2 kg or Carbendazim 500 g or Propiconazole 1L/ha, immediately on the set of disease and repeat after 15 days.