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Pests of Ber :: Major Pests :: Ber Fruitfly


1.  Ber fruitfly:  Carpomyia vesuviana (Tephritidae: Diptera)


Distribution and status: Countrywide distribution
Host range: Ber


Damage symptoms

Maggots feed on fruit pulp that results in fruit rotting and fruit drop.



Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. Fully grown maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days Usually 2-3 generations completed in a year. Adult is small fly with black spots on the thorax and dark spots on the wings.



    • Cultivate fruit fly resistant varieties such as Safeda Ilaichi, Chinese, sanaur-1, Mirchia, Tikadi and Umran
    • Collect and destroy fallen and infested fruits by dumping in a pit and covering with a thick layer of soil.
    • Plough interspaces to expose pupae
    • Conserve parasitoids Opius compensates and Spalangia philippinensis
    • Use methyl eugenol lure trap (25/ha) to monitor and kill adults of fruit flies or prepare methyl eugenol and malathion 50 EC mixture at 1:1 ratio and take 10 ml mixture/trap.
    • Use bait spray combining molasses or jaggery 10 g/L and one of the insecticides, fenthion 100 EC 1ml/l, malathion 50 EC 2 ml/L, dimethoate 30 EC 1ml/L, carbaryl 50 WP 4g/L, two rounds at fortnight interval before ripening of the fruits.
    • Spray malathion 50 EC 1.0 L or dimethoate 30 EC 1.0 L or dichlorvos 700 ml at the time of flower formation and fruit set.